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高分技巧:雅思小作文必学句型精选
2017-08-04 17:21:45   来源:   评论:0 点击:

  文章导读:高分技巧:雅思小作文必学句型精选,雅思小作文要想获得高分,需要学习一些必要的提分技巧,看小编整理的《高分技巧:雅思小作文必学句型精选》,希望对你有一定的帮助

  高分技巧:雅思小作文必学句型精选,请认真学习阅读——

  你也许会用定语从句,但你不一定知道如何用它来丰富你的内容!

  你也许会用非谓语从句,但你不一定知道如何用它来表示A超越B!

  你也许认识there is, 但你不一定知道如何用它来表示趋势!

  你也许认识很多句型和单词,但你不一定知道它们在雅思小作文中常用的位置和用法!

  简单来说,假如你知道In conclusion这个词组,一般都用在结尾段的开头,而且表示总结的功能,那么这个词你一般来说是不会用错的。假如你知道这个单词用于总结的功能,但是不知道它常出现的位置,也许你会将它用错地方。

  以下是小作文中你一定用得到的句型精选:

  1. 宾语从句

  【解析】常用于写作的开头段,引出题目大意,俗称改写题目。(基础,必学!)

  常用句型:The graph indicates/shows/illustrates…

  【真题实例】(剑七-Test2)

  The graph illustrates changes in the amounts of beef, lamb, chicken and fish consumed in a particular European country between 1979 and 2004.

  【真题实例】(剑二-Test1)

  The chart shows that the percentage of British households with a range of consumer durables steadily increased between 1972 and 1983.

  2. 形式主语从句

  【解析】常用于描写一些特殊的细节和最大值等信息。(关键时刻,能提升不少字数。)

  必备句型:It is interesting to note that / It is noticeable that

  【真题实例】(剑五-Test2)

  It is also interesting to note that almost all showed a decrease in 1994 in amount of goods transported except for the pipeline, which actually peaked in that year.

  【真题实例】(剑四-Test1)

  It is noticeable that for both types of household with children, a higher than average proportion were living in poverty at this time.

  3. there be句型

  【解析】常用于小作文中表示趋势或表示“有”或“存在”的意思。(非常万能的句型。)

  【真题实例】(剑二-Test2)

  There were no figures given for male part-time workers, but female part-time had forty hours of leisure time, only slightly more than women in full-time employment, perhaps reflecting their work in the home.

  【真题实例】(剑四-Test2)

  There is a sharp rise in the next hour to reach its maximum before collapsing again to a lower level by the end of the day.

  4. 倒装句

  【解析】常用于地图题表示某个方位有某样东西。(其实写起来真的不难,一看就懂。)

  【真题实例】

  In the west was a river running from north to south.

  以下句型导入数据的时候一定用得到

  5. 被动句

  【解析】常用于导入数据以及流程图。(当主语是物体的时候,可以考虑用被动。)

  【真题实例】(剑七-Test4-Task1 Pie charts)

  The remaining 40 units were produced largely from oil and nuclear power, with hydro contributing only 5 units.

  【真题实例】(剑七-Test2-Task1 line graphs)

  Lamb and chicken were eaten in similar quantities (around 150 grams), while much less fish was consumed (just over 50 grams).

  【真题实例】(剑六-Test3)

  The first is to select cocoons, which then are heated in boiled water.

  6. 非谓语

  【解析】A超过B的句型,一般用于后半句。

  常用句型:overtaking/surpassing/exceeding

  【范例】

  The consumption of chicken, in the other hand, showed an upward trend, overtaking that of lamb in 1980 and that of beef in 1989.

  7. 定语从句

  【解析】导入数据。(非常好的增加内容,给出数据的写法。)

  【真题实例】(剑三-Test4)

  In March, 1993.United Stats had seven percent of their workforce which might not seen disastrous until compared with Japan, where 2.5% were unemployed.

  【真题实例】(剑三-Test4)

  Noticeably, the highest divorce rate was in 1980, when about 1.4 million divorces attracted the attention.

  8. from…to…句型

  【解析】常用于导入数据,表示从某一年份的数据上涨或表示下跌到某一个年份的数据。(描写动态图一定会用得到。)

  【真题实例】(剑2–Test1)

  The greatest increase was in telephone ownership, rising from 42% in 1972 to 77% in 1983.

  9. 非谓语从句

  【解析】常用于表示伴随,一般用来导入数据。(多从范文中积累。)

  必备技巧:根据语境选动词。

  【真题实例】(剑七-Test4)

  But by 2000 nuclear power, which was not used at all in Australia, had developed into the main source, producing almost 75% of electricity, at 126 units.

  【真题实例】(剑八-Test2)

  Teachers’ pay remained the biggest cost, reaching 50% of total spending in 1991 and ending at 45% in 2001.

  10. with表示伴随

  【解析】常用于表示伴随,一般用来导入数据。(非常简单好用的结构。)

  【真题实例】(剑八-Test1)

  The impact of this on Oceania and North America was minimal, with only 1.7% and 0.2% of land affected respectively.

  11. 括号的用法

  【解析】常用于表示伴随,一般用来导入数据。(一定要学会的加分写法。)

  【真题实例】(剑八-Test1)

  Europe, with the highest overall percentage of land degraded(23%), also suffered from over-cultivation(7.7%) and over-grazing(5.5%).

  在比较几个对象的时候一定用得到

  12. 倍数30 times less than

  【解析】常用于比较,同时用到倍数。(注意语序,数字在前,than在后。)

  【真题实例】(剑五-Test4)

  It only has 11 kilometres of route, which is more than 30 times less than that of London.

  13. This was then followed by

  【解析】常用于比较大小,可以跟在最大值后面。(很实用,高分范文中一般少不了它们。)

  【真题实例】(剑五-Test4)

  This was then followed by the opening of the railway systems in Tokyo, Washington DC and Kyoto.

  14. Next came+非谓语伴随(高分写法)

  【解析】常用于后半句,引出第二大的对象,同时还可以结合非谓语伴随导入数据。(和上一个句型原理相同。)

  【真题实例】(剑二-Test1)

  Next came central heating ownership, rising from 37% of households in 1972 to 64% in 1983.

  15. A>B句型

  【解析】常用于比较大小,尤其是在静态图中的overview位置。(静态图高频句型。)

  【常用句型】was always larger than...

  【真题实例】(剑六-Test4)

  within the thirty years, the number of marriages was always larger than that (BTW: 注意加这个that) of divorces.

  【真题实例】(剑四-Test4)

  The county with the largest number of British tourists was France (around 11 million), followed by Spain (around 9.5 million).

  16. while/whereas句型

  【解析】常用于前后两个对象对比数据大小或趋势(只要对比,while一般少不了。)

  【真题实例】(剑七-Test2)

  Lamp and chicken were eaten in similar quantities (around 150 grams), while/whereas such less fish was consumed (just over 50 grams).

  综合运用:

  17. With伴随+括号法+followed by

  【解析】常用于静态图。先用with简洁地引出最大值,然后括号法导入数据,再用followed by引出对比的项目,然后再用括号简洁地导入数据。(当遇到最大值和第二大值比较的时候,可以参考此用法。)

  【真题实例】(剑四-Test4)

  The county with the largest number of British tourists was France (around 11 million), followed by Spain (around 9.5 million).

  说了这么多,相信很多同学已经迫不及待的想要在雅思小作文中使用了吧?

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